Treat served briefly as a drummer in the Boston Corps of Cadets during the Civil War. An independent infantry company, the Cadets were called into federal service for a period of just over one month. The unit was mustered into service on May 26, 1862 and mustered out on July 2, 1862. Treat would have been in his early 40s by this time and apparently never came close to the battle field. The Cadets worked closely with the Governor of Massachusetts and the unit remained small in size. Their main obligation while active for the federal government was to stand watch at Fort Warren in Boston Harbor where they guarded Confederate prisoners. Made up largely of well educated men, the Cadets were widely known as a breeding ground for officers who would go on to lead other regiments of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia.
Billed as "The Celebrated Artist Drum", J. B. Treat's drums for Thompson & Odell were large, rope tension drums intended for military and semi-military purposes. Shells were typically single ply maple, tacked at the seam, with single ply maple reinforcing rings. Hoops were commonly painted black around the outside with the rope connecting to the hoops via cast iron hooks as seen in the example here dating from around 1890.
|"Joseph B. Treat, of Boston, is living proof that the forbearance of the American public is wonderful. Had it not been so he would have been killed long ago. He has been a drummer for nearly seventy years and has hardly ever passed a day without pounding his unfortunate instrument more or less."|
The last months of Treat’s life were spent at the Soldiers' Home in Chelsea, Massachusetts where he succumbed to heart disease on January 7, 1899 at the age of 78. He was laid to rest at Forest Dale Cemetery in nearby Malden, Massachusetts.
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